Problems and solutions: more developed countries

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Problems and solutions: more developed countries

Any city in the developed world will face considerable problems. These could include:

  1. Inequality. Inequalities exist in all cities in the developed world. The most deprived groups can often be found in old inner city areas. These areas are often typified by:
  2. High levels of unemployment and a lack of employment opportunities:
  3. Poor household amenities.
  4. Large areas of derelict land.
  5. Air, water and land pollution.
  6. High social problems such as alcoholism, drug abuse and crime.
  7. Greater frequency of health problems.

The problem is that the inner cities are often caught in a cycle of decline.

The positive:

The above paints a very depressing picture of the inner cities. This is not always the case. The inner cities of many British cities are improving rapidly and people are once again choosing to live in them. This is, in part as a consequence of gentrification and urban regeneration.

1. Traffic congestion. The cities of the UK are often choked with the pollution from cars. There is a well-known statistic about the average speed of a car in London being slower than the old horse and cart.

Problems and solutions: more developed countries

You must remember that the cities of the UK were built before the invention of the car!

2. Death of the CBD. The CBD of many major cities is in trouble. Increasingly more of the functions associated with the CBD can be found on the outskirts of town. In Bristol, for example, there are now four cinema multiplexes outside the city. Whilst these are thriving, those cinemas left in the city are either closing or face a great struggle for survival. Many UK towns no longer have a cinema. The opening of 'The Mall' (a large shopping and entertainment complex outside Bristol) meant that John Lewis closed its city department store and relocated. This has meant that a lot of shoppers no longer come into the city centre. Since 'The Mall' opened, shops and entertainment in the CBD have had a constant struggle for survival.

Problems and solutions: more developed countries

If people do not go into the centre for their shopping or entertainment, then what is the future of the CBD?

There have been a number of policies and initiatives that have had the overall objective of regenerating urban areas. In the past twenty years, these have changed frequently, but have included Urban Development Corporations and more recently, schemes where councils have to bid for various sources of money. One of those sources is lottery money.