S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

Glossary
 
Action slips Performing unintended actions, particularly during automatic processes
 
cell content cell content
 
Automatic processing Processing that does not require any focused attention
 
Bottom-up processing Pattern recognition based on features of the stimulus
 
Closed loop Slow processing involving conscious and deliberate attention for learning and switching tasks
 
Configuration Arrangement of features with respect to each other
 
Controlled processing Processing that requires focused attention
 
Dichotic listening task Method for investigating focused attention involving listening to two messages simultaneously
 
Divided attention Attending to more than one stimulus simultaneously
 
Feature detection model Pattern recognition based breaking down the stimulus into its component features
 
Feature detectors Cells in the visual cortex that respond to lines or edges
 
Focused attention Ability to selectively attend to some information stimuli whilst ignoring the rest
 
Galvanic skin response Changes in skin resistance in response to changes in arousal
 
Identikit Drawings of facial features combined to construct a face
 
Open loop Fast processing involving no attentional control for well practised tasks
 
Parallel processing Ability to process more than one stimulus simultaneously
 
Pattern recognition Making sense of and identifying perceived objects
 
Perception Process of making sensory inputs meaningful
 
Schemata Memory sets for whole processes, things and events
 
Serial processing Focusing attention on one stimulus at a time
 
Shadowing Repetition of a message during a dichotic listening task
 
Split-span procedure Method for investigating focused attention involving listening to different information in each ear and writing it down
 
Stroop effect Demonstration of how automatic processes can interfere with tasks requiring controlled processing
 
Template matching hypothesis Incoming stimuli are compared with templates in the long term memory
 
Threshold level of intensity According to Triesman, this is reached if an attenuated channel is selected for attention
 
Top-down processing Expectations and knowledge of a particular context influence the perception of patterns