S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

Elizabeth was well educated, well read, and she had a strong mind. Friends of her mother educated her. This ensured that she had strong Lutheran ideas.

Her father did not want anything to do with her. She was sent to live at Hatfield.

She was close to Catherine Parr.

She had a number of close escapes in her youth: the Seymour Affair and Wyatt's Rebellion (for which she spent a spell in the Tower).

Elizabeth used propaganda better than any other Tudor monarch. She portrayed herself as: the Restorer of Protestantism, The Phoenix risen from the ashes, the Virgin Queen.

Her first priority was to try to solve the religious issue.

She claimed that she could not, nor did wish to 'make a window into men's souls'.

She introduced the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity, 1559. The 1552 Prayer Book was re-introduced, church vestements from the time of Edward had to be worn. It was a mixture between the religious legislation of Henry VIII and Edward VI.

Only 1 bishop refused to take the Oath of Supremacy.

Mary Queen of Scots was a threat as she became the figurehead for a number of Catholic uprisings: Northern Rising 1569, Ridolfi plot 1571, Throckmorton Plot 1583. Mary could not bring herself to execute the Scottish Queen.

In 1569 the north rose in rebellion. The rebellion was headed by 2 noblemen: the Earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland. The Duke of Norfolk conspired to marry Mary, Queen of Scots.

Elizabeth did not marry. She felt that she could serve her country better this way. She used her 'availability' as a political and diplomatic weapon.

Reading

Fletcher, A., Tudor Rebellions

Guy, John, Tudor England

Haigh, Christopher, Elizabeth I

Lotherington, The Tudor Years

Randall, K., Elizabeth I and the Government of England