S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

  • Lancastrian champion against the Yorkist Richard III

  • Excluding an invasion in France in the October of 1492, which was only a show of power, and a few skirmishes of claims to the thrown, the reign of Henry VII is hallmarked by peace

  • He was concerned with stabilised the county through strong administration, good accounting and saving. Eventually streamlined the organisation of financial administration and by his death 80% of royal income (100,000 pounds) went straight to the chamber. Consequently, the treasurer of the chamber was in fact the receiver-general of all crown lands, and most other revenues.

  • Henry began his reign in 1485 with a financially, diplomatically and internally weak country. Yet, by his death in 1509, the crown was vastly stronger than it had been in 1485, but it was no nearer to being absolute.

  • In 1471, at the age of 14, he left Britain to live in exile in Brittany. In 1485, with the backing of the King of France, and still only 27, he began his bid for the English throne. He met Richard III and his forces just outside the small market town of Market Bosworth, where, for the last time in English history, an English king (Richard III) was defeated and killed in battle. Henry claimed the crown for himself.

  • Henry was always concerned with security (threats to the crown) and this can be seen within a great number of his policies whether from Perkin Warbeck, Lambert Simnel or the De La Poles in exile.

  • Henry was a king for the people, he created / changed a great deal of the workings of the crown and also that of the country. Perhaps he was the greatest king England has ever had. His awareness too problems within the country prevented uprising and any revolts (excluding the angry Cornishmen who were displeased over high taxes)

Related Books

  • Dawson Ian, The Tudor Century

  • Grant A., Henry VII

  • Guy John, Tudor England

  • Lander J. R., Government and Community

  • Loades David, Chronicles of the Tudor Kings

  • Lockyer Roger, Henry VII

  • Lotherington John, The Tudor Years