S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

Why are you being asked to compare the two poems?
Are they being compared because of their styles, their contents or both?
Do you prefer one of the poems?
What are their different merits?
Are the poems from different times?
Does one of the poems appear more accessible at first, but have less depth?
Pastiche, Parody and Reply
Pastiche: A pastiche is where a writer attempts to imitate the style of a particular writer or period.
Parody: A parody is a humorous piece of writing. The writer mimics or exaggerates the style of another writer. This can be done for a number of reasons: to expose the faults of another writer; purely for fun; or to give a fresh interpretation of a particular style or subject.
Reply: A reply is a clear response to another poem.
Rewrite: Sometimes a poet takes the subject matter of another and overtly rewrites the poem in a different style.
Points to Consider
Does the poet alter your interpretation of the other poem?
Does the reader gain anything from reading both poems?
Look for clear indications such as overt references to the other poem, such as reference to the poet or specific aspects of the poem.
Have the two poets have written about the same event, subject, and experience quite independently?
Was one poem written later than the other?
Are there clues to suggest that one of the poets has read the other?
Gender
Are the poems written by men or women?
If poets of the same gender write both poems, then do you notice different attitudes that suggest they are from different eras?
Do they represent the voice of their gender at different times?
If on the other hand poets of different genders write the poems, then do you notice ideas or attitudes that reflect the gender difference?
Do the two writers interpret and approach the same issue in different ways?
Does this have anything to do with whether they are male or female?
Social Context
When were the poems written?
Do they suggest ideas, which reflect a certain period of time?
If the poems are old, how do they relate to the modern reader?
Are the modern poems necessarily of more relevance to modern issues?
Can you see how attitudes have changed over a period of time?
Are there views that seem inappropriate nowadays, or alternatively do either of the poems have timeless qualities?
Have the poets used a certain style, which is associated with a certain era?
How does the style relate to the modern reader?
Do the poems represent ideas associated with a particular social background?
Do they represent views of similar or different social status? Is this relevant?
What language is used to highlight these social contexts?
Cultural Context
Which cultures are the two poems from?
If they are from the same cultural background, do they approach the same issue in different ways?
What language is used which suggests a particular cultural setting?
If the poems are from different cultures, in what ways are the style, subject matter, and attitudes influenced by this?
Although the poems are from different cultures, do they share the same ideas or values?
Why is it important to understand the poems' different cultural backgrounds?
What would ignoring this lose?
What is gained by considering the cultural context?
How does this help you appreciate the poem?
Poetic Voice
To what extent do issues of gender, and historical context, influence the poetic voice?
Why have each of the poems been written?
Have the poets approached a similar subject matter using contrasting poetic voices?
If the poets have used a similar poetic voice, why have they done so?
Do the poems demand to be read in very different ways and for different reasons?
Does one of the poems' poetic voices seem to be more effective?
Do the poems have different merits?
Diction
Does one of the poems seem more accessible because of the use of diction?
Is the reader necessarily able to access one of the poems more easily because of when the poem was written?
If the poets have used very different diction, what do you notice about the different effect?
Are there clear advantages and disadvantages for each type of diction?
Use of Imagery
What images do the poets use?
Have the poets used similar images but in different ways?
If the poets are writing about similar themes, how does their choice of imagery influence the reader's thoughts about the theme?
Sometimes poets write about the same subject but use completely different images. What does this tell you about their social and cultural context?
Does the choice of images in each poem complement each other or do they suggest different and opposing viewpoints?
Similar Forms
Do the poets approach the same form in different ways and with different effects?
Have the poets used the form to portray different ideas? Do their ideas conflict with each other?
Has one of the poets used the form in a different and unusual way?
Different Forms
Why do you think each poet has chosen a particular form? What does that form offer the poet?
Do you notice different merits in the poems because of their different choice of form?
Does one of the poems lack something because of the choice of form?
Rhyme and Rythym
Try reading them the poems at different paces and with different tones.
How does the use of rhyme and rhythm influence your reading of the poem?
Does the use of rhyme and rhythm link in with the time when the poems were written?
For example, does one poet use rap to discuss the same issue as another poet who has used blank verse?
What moods do the two poems create?
Do these arise as a result of the poets' use of rhyme and rhythm?
Is one of the poems more accessible because of its rhyme and rhythm?
Does one of the poets use a particular technique more effectively?
Themes and Moods in the Poem
Sometimes the link in themes isn't obvious at first.
Poems that are about the same theme may have very different moods and attitudes.
Think carefully about the social and cultural context.
How does this influence the poet's portrayal of a particular theme?
What words and techniques are used to create the moods in each poem?