Religion's change promoting potential

Religion's change promoting potential

Class Inequality and Political Order

This argues that in the Southern US, political leadership amongst the black population was frequently assumed by clergymen. That churches provided an organisational focus for the civil rights campaign. He also points out that in Eastern Europe the church was the major focus of political opposition to communist governments.

In the 1960s, various radical groups and individuals emerged from within the Catholic church in Latin America. They argued that it was a Christian duty to be involved in action leading to economic and political liberation. Catholics collaborated with Marxists in political and social action. In 1979 Catholic revolutionaries played a part in the overthrow of the Somoza regime in Nicaragua and the new government included a number of priests.

Here, religion provides the basis for resistance to the process of westernization. Iran is an obvious example, but in Egypt the Moslem Brotherhood played an important part in the revolt that deposed King Farouk in 1952, and Islamic fundamentalists were involved in the assassination of President Sadat. Gaddafi, in Libya, led a revolution pledged to return to an Islamic way of life.

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