Forces in electric fields

Forces in electric fields

If field strength, E, is:

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In the case of a uniform field it's easy.

Forces in electric fields

Remember:.

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Example.

If the charge in the diagram above is Q = -3 x 10-6 C, the pd across the plates is 100V and the plate separation is 1.5 cm, what's the force on charge Q?

Answer.

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Note: the direction is up towards the positive plate as it's a negative charge.

In radial fields, you find the force using F = Eq again except here, note that

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so

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where.

Q1 = one of the charges

Q2 = the other charge

ε = permittivity of the material, usually ε0.

r = separation between the centres of the charges.

This is Coulomb's Law

Let's look at another...

Example.

Whats the force on a charge of +2 x 10-6C when it is 0.5 m from a charge of +3 x 10-6C? ( Copyright S-cool = 9 x 109 mF-1).

Answer.

Forces in electric fields
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A more complex situation exists if there are three or more charges in the field. In this case, only consider two of the charges at any one time, find the effect due to them, then consider the effect of the other charge and add the two answers at the end (with careful thought about sign).

Example.

Forces in electric fields

What's the force on B due to A and C?

Answer.

Consider A-B first and ignore C.

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Now consider B-C and ignore A.

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So you have two forces in opposite directions. Find the resultant.

Forces in electric fields

Answer: 3.6x1010N from A towards C.

Be careful if the signs of the charges are different. For example.

Forces in electric fields

Do you agree that the resultant force on B is zero here?

Forces in electric fields

Do you agree that the resultant force on B has got to be to the right? Think about it!

One last example....

Find the point, x between these two charges, A and B, where the force on a +2C charge, C, is zero.

Forces in electric fields

Answer.

To solve this, the force on C due to A must be equal and opposite to the force on C due to B.

So FAC = FBC

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To solve, we need to use the information that rAB = 1- rBC,

So,

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We can simplify, cancelling QC from each side of the equation and 4π εo from each side,

So,

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Now put in thr changesm QA= + 4C, QB = + 1C and you only have one unknown rBC and you should be able to work that out!

(Can you get the rBC = 0.33m?)

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