Adverbs

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Adverbs

Adverbs are words which describe verbs - they tell you how you do something.

For example:

He drives carefully
She sings badly

You can see that most adverbs in English end in ...ly but not all (e.g. well, fast etc.).

Adverbs in French perform the same function - they describe the verb (and since verbs are not masculine or feminine, adverbs do not change).

Use the Learn-Its to find out more.

To form the adverb (for example, slowly) start with the adjective:

  1. slow = lent
  2. make it feminine = lente (remember some adjectives do more than just an 'e' to make them feminine)
  3. add ment so lentement = slowly

However there are exceptions, these are:

1. Adjectives that end in a vowel do not add an 'e' in stage 2 above.

For example:

poli = polite
poliment = politely

2. Adjectives that end in ant or ent become amment/emment

For example:

bruyant = noisy
bruyamment = noisily

3. vite stays as vite

Adverbs normally go after the verb they are describing. In the perfect tense, where there are two verbs, it goes between the two verbs.

For example: J'ai assez mangé = I've eaten enough

However if the adverb is a long word (4 or 5 syllables), it normally goes after the second verb in the perfect tense.

Better and best in English can be adjectives or adverbs depending on whether they mean more good or more well.

John is good Bill is better means 'more good' David is (the) best means 'most good' = Adjective
or
John plays well Bill plays better means 'more well' David plays (the) best means 'most well' = Adverbs

In French 'better' and 'best' have two forms as below:

good = bon better (more good) = meilleur best ( most good) = le meilleur
Because these are adjectives, they become feminine and plural - bonne/meilleure/la meilleure, etc.
also
well = bien better (more well) = mieux best ( most well) = le mieux
Because these are adverbs, they never change - not even the 'le' in 'le mieux'

Form the adverb from the following adjectives:

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