Adjectives

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Adjectives

Like most things in French, adjectives have to agree. i.e. become feminine if the thing they are describing is feminine and plural if the thing they are describing is plural.

For example:

  • un grand garçon
  • une grande fille
  • deux grands garçons
  • deux grandes filles

This seems straightforward enough but use the interactions to find out more about irregular adjectives and position of adjectives.

1. Adjectives that already end in 'e' cannot add an extra 'e' in the feminine but they can add an 's' in the plural

For example:

un exercice facile des exercices faciles
une épreuve facile des épreuves faciles

Adjectives that end in 'é' can add an extra 'e' to make them feminine as well as an 's' to make them plural.

2. Adjectives that end in 'f' become 've' in the feminine. Both add 's' in the plural.

For example:

un garçon sportif des garçons sportifs
une fille sportive des filles sportives

3. Adjectives that end in 'x' become 'se' in the feminine.

For example:

un garçon curieux des garçons curieux
une fille curieuse des filles curieuses

4. Adjectives ending in 'er' become 'ère' in the feminine.

For example:

un cher garçon deux chers garçons
une chère fille deux chères filles

5. Adjectives ending in on/en/el/il double the last letter then add an 'e' to become feminine.

For example:

gentil → gentille

6. Some adjectives are totally irregular and just have to be learned, most notably:

  • vieux (m) → vieille (f)
  • nouveau → nouvelle
  • beau → belle
  • blanc → blanche

Most adjectives in French go after the noun they are describing. e.g. colours - un pull bleu

The adjectives that go before the noun are usually short and quitecommon words

For example:

Masculine Feminine
grand (e)
petit(e)
long (ue)
beau (belle)
nouveau (nouvelle)
jeune
vieux (vielle)

Try this exercise: Type in the correct form of the adjective in the space:

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