S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

Recognised sports and related activities need organisation on a large scale. They need a body of people to administer all aspects of that activity.

Such a body of people are known as the Governing Body of that sport or activity.

All sports have a National Governing Body and new sport and governing bodies are developing all the time.

Examples of these are the Football Association (FA), Rugby Football Union (RFU), English Volleyball Association (EVA), English Netball Association (ENA) and the Lawn Tennis Association (LTA).

Any Sport involved in international competition will also have an International Governing Body that administers the sport at an international level.

Governing Bodies are involved in a range of administrative activities that help develop, promote and organise the sport.

These activities include:

  1. Administering the Rule Structures

  2. Administering Competitions

  3. Team Selection

  4. Clubs and Players

  5. Finance

  6. The Distribution of Finance

  7. Promotion

  8. Developing Coaching

The CCPR is made up of all the governing bodies (over 300) in sport.

The CCPR has two objectives:

  1. To encourage as many people as possible to take part in sport and physical recreation.

  2. To provide the separate governing bodies of the individual sports with a central organisation that represents and promotes their individual and collective interests.

The governing bodies control it and it is funded by fees from the governing bodies and sponsorship from commercial bodies.

What does the CCPR do?

The CCPR represents its members' interests.

It campaigns on issues such as drugs in sport and fair play in sport.

It liases with central government, local authorities and the media.

It has also created two popular youth awards that have encouraged youngsters to take an active role in the development of youth sport.

They are: The Community Sports Leader Award (CSLA) and The Junior Sports Leader Award (JSLA).

The Local Sports Club

Local sport generally involves local clubs, the basic unit of any sport.

Sports clubs require members, people who are going to take part ion the activity.

For the club to run efficiently, it has to have a committee; a body of people that look after the affairs of the club.

Four key people are the chairperson, the vice-chairperson, the secretary and the treasurer.

The chairperson controls committee meetings and represents the club at official functions.

The vice-chairperson substitutes for the chairperson on occasions.

The secretary takes minutes of meetings and organises any other club correspondence.

The treasurer is responsible for looking after the financial matters of the club.

Each club will be affiliated to the local or regional branch of their respective governing body.

National Sports Organisations

There are numerous national sports organisations in the United Kingdom.

Examples of these are:

The Sports Aid Foundation (SAF):

The SAF was set up in 1976 to raise money for sport through sponsorship from companies and local authorities.

The SAF gives money to the governing bodies who then administer the funds.

The Countryside Commission (CC):

The CC looks after the English countryside and is funded by the Department of the Environment.

It is an important organisation for all those that enjoy outdoor recreation such as rambling, climbing, mountain biking, etc.

It has a number of key roles and some of these roles involve maintaining the countryside, developing and maintaining national trails for walkers, hikers and cyclists and enabling access for all those taking part in outdoor pursuits.

The National Trust:

Is the largest landowner in Britain, owning over 570,000 acres.

It controls access to areas such as the Lake District where recreational activities such as climbing, hill walking, sailing and canoeing go on.

The Olympic Logo was first seen on a flag in Antwerp in 1920.

Historically, the Olympic Games go back as far as the Ancient Greeks.

These games were abolished in AD 393 because the Romans saw them as a pagan festival.

Pierre de Coubertin is recognised as the founder of the Modern Olympic Games who, while visiting England attended the Wenlock Games and this inspired him to revive the Olympic Games.

As a result the first Modern Games took place in Athens in 1896.

Since 1896 the games have followed a four-year cycle that was broken in 1914, 1918, 1940 and 1944 because of the First and Second World Wars.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC):

The IOC is the organising body for the Olympic Games with the responsibility for:

  1. Selecting the venue for both summer and winter games.

  2. Deciding which sports should be included in the games.

  3. Working with the host city and country in the planning of the games.

Since the early days of international sporting events the success of the team has affected the recognition and profile of the teams country.

Hosting International Events

Advantages: Disadvantages:

More and better sports facilities.

Access transport and hotels improved.

Increased tourism and business.

More jobs created for building facilities and staffing the events.

The city or country will become well known.

It could help national unity.

The increased number of people visiting the area could cause major disruption to the everyday life of the local population.

Finance to build new facilities may be taken from budgets destined for education and health.

Security to control crowds and prevent terrorist attacks is expensive.

Extra staff may be unfamiliar with the city that may disrupt the organisation plans.

Politics in International and National Sport

As can be seen from the above reading, sport and politics are often linked.

The Olympics and other international sporting events often become the targets for protests or are linked to some form of world politics.

This link between sport and politics is not always negative. Teams have been sent from one country to another to help restore diplomatic relations.

A marathon held in Berlin on New Years Day in 1990, followed a route through East and West Berlin, reflecting the unification of the country after the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

Political Attitudes

In 1964, the Labour government made moves to raise the profile and importance of sport within the government.

Dennis Howell MP, became responsible for sport as part of the Ministry of Education and in 1997, he became the first minister for sport.

Most countries treat their successful sportspeople with considerable respect and some very special sportspeople in this country have been knighted for their services to sport.