S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

There are two providers of sports facilities: the public provision made by the local councils, county councils and local government and the private provision made by hotels, sports clubs and private clubs.

The public sector aims to provide facilities that are accessible to everyone and are based on a pay-and-play policy where anyone can pay their money and play the sport.

These facilities include the local village hall, leisure and arts centres, sports halls, playing fields, athletics tracks, golf courses, bowling greens, swimming pools and tennis courts.

The private sector, in providing sports facilities, usually has a commercial aim, that is, they are trying to make money from the people using their facility.

There is also a growth in private health clubs that provide weight and aerobic gyms and usually have private instructors.

There are other famous private clubs such as the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club and other major sports clubs own and develop their own facilities such as football clubs, rugby clubs and golf clubs.

Today sport in school and physical education are seen as playing a major role in the development of a child and the foundation for encouraging youngsters into sport who may be champions of the future.

Public School Sport:

The foundations of most of our sports rest in the history of the British public school, for example rugby.

Many sports developed further at the universities of Cambridge and Oxford and graduates often returned from there to their old public schools where they promoted sport with further vigour and energy.

Education acts and the National Curriculum

1902: The War Department drew up a syllabus for physical education based on military drill. There was continued development on this theme until 1933.

1933: The syllabus contained some gymnastics.

1944 Education Act: Free education for all. Physical Education included more team games.

1988 The Education Reform Act: This reinforced the position of Physical Education on the school's curriculum, making it a compulsory subject.

1992: The first Physical Education, National Curriculum was introduced by the government.

1995 Dearing Report: Further revision of the National Curriculum with the publishing of this report. Physical Education based upon a child's ability to plan, perform and evaluate within an activity.

September 2000: New National Curricula for Key Stage 3 in all subject areas.

The Physical Education Curriculum 2000, consists of six activity areas:

Games such as rugby, netball, badminton and basketball

Gymnastics such as trampolining, gymnastics and diving

Athletic activities such as running, jumping and throwing

Dance

Swimming

Outdoor and Adventurous activities such as orienteering, climbing and sailing.

Extra-curricular Activities

Although school children are entitled to approximately two hours of Physical Education per week, there are usually organised sports activities during most lunchtimes and after the school day ahs ended.

These are known as extra-curricular activities as they take place outside normal school time.

Physical education and sport

Physical Education is involved in learning for and through the physical.

The differences however between Physical Education teachers and coaches.

Coaches:

  1. Spend more time on one activity.

  2. Coach youngsters who are usually there by choice.

  3. Coach groups who are usually of the same ability.

Physical Education is also an examination subject that extends from GCSE Physical Education into 'A' Level Physical Education and associated GNVQs.

What the Government Wants

Since the start of Education for all, the government of the day, as the Education Acts show, has always had an interest in physical education.

However, it had rarely intervened in policy making until 1995 when John Major announced the government policy

There were four central aims:

  1. To put sport back into the heart of the weekly life in every school

  2. To bring every child in every school within reach of adequate sporting facilities by the year 2000 and to protect the nation's playing fields

  3. To enable sporting opportunities to continue after school in colleges and universities and to provide a better link with school and club sport

  4. To develop excellence among the most talented of British sportspeople by creating a new British Academy of Sport.

Sports College Status

The selection for Sports College Status is based upon numerous criteria one of these criteria being the production of a three year development plan from the school showing how they would enhance the teaching and coaching of sport and the provision of sports facilities to the school community, the local community and the extended community.

Youth Sport Trust (YST) is a registered charity set up in 1994 to improve sporting provision for all children in the UK.

Champion Coaching

Launched by the National Coaching Foundation (NCF) in 1990 with the aim of improving the performances of school elected, 11 - 14 year-olds in specified sports.

The Sports Council, as an advisory body, was organised by the government in 1966 and was based on the existing Central Council for Physical Recreation (CCPR).

Its aims were:

  1. To increase participation in sport and physical recreation

  2. To increase the quality and quantity of sports facilities

  3. To raise standards in performance

  4. To provide information for and about sport.

The Sports Council Campaigns

'Sport for All' (1972)

This campaign set out to encourage all members of the community to participate in sport.

'Sport for All - Disabled People' (1981)

During the International Year of the Disabled in 1981, the Sports Council launched this campaign.

'Fifty Plus - All to Play For' (1983)

This was aimed at older people, particularly the 50 - 60 years age group.

'Ever Thought of Sport?' (1985)

This campaign was targeted at 13 - 24 years age group and coincided with the International Year of the Youth.

'What's Your Sport?' (1987)

This campaign was sponsored by the Milk Marketing Board to raise awareness of where and how to take part in sport.

'Milk in Action for Women' (1989)

This was launched to encourage women to participate in sporting activities with taster sessions set up all over the country.

'Year of Sport'(1991)

This campaign coincided with the world student games, which were staged in Sheffield during 1991.

The Sports Council has set up a number of world-class facilities throughout the country to help raise the levels of performance in a variety of sports.