Nouns (Words for People and Objects)

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Nouns (Words for People and Objects)

In German, all nouns are masculine, feminine or neuter. It is really important that you learn the gender of a noun. Also, all nouns in German are written with a capital letter!

The genders are:

Masculine: Feminine: Neuter: Plural:
der die das die

In English, when we want to talk about more than one of the same object, we usually add an '-s' to the word - for example, one cake, two cakes. There are exceptions to the rule, but this is generally the case.

In German, nouns form their plural in various ways. You will usually find it next to the word in brackets in a dictionary. It is a good idea to learn the plural when you learn the word.

For Example: Tisch, m, (-e). This tells you that Tisch is masculine and that the plural is Tische.

To help you learn the plurals, here are some very general rules...

Rule: Example:
Many masculine nouns take an -e der Tisch = die Tische; der Hund = die Hunde
Many feminine nouns take -n or -en die Blume = die Blumen; die Sendung = die Sendungen
If the feminine noun ends in -in, double the 'n' as well as the ending of -en die Freundin = die Freundinnen
Many neuter nouns take -e or -er das Buch = die Bücher; das Heft = die Hefte
Masculine or neuter nouns which end in -er, -el or -en usually stay the same in the plural der Becher = die Becher; das Viertel = die Viertel; der Kuchen = die Kuchen
Most foreign words used in German are neuter and add -s in the plural das Baby = die Babys

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