Conjunctions

You are here

Conjunctions

Conjunctions are little words that join up bits of sentences.

a) The following conjunctions do not change the word order:

und and
aber but
denn for, because
oder or
sondern but (after a negative)

For example: Ich gehe ins Restaurant und ich esse einen Kuchen.

b) Some conjunctions affect the word order. After these conjunctions, the verb goes to the end of the sentence.

For example:

Conjunctions

Now look carefully at the word order if you start the sentence with one of these conjunctions. This is how you would put these two sentences together:

Die Sonne scheint. Ich fahre mit dem Rad.

In the first part of the sentence (clause), the verb must go to the end:

Conjunctions

At the beginning of the second part of the sentence (clause), the verb must come next and you must turn it around (invert it):

Conjunctions

These are the conjunctions that have this effect on the verb:

wenn if, when
nachdem after
damit so that
bevor before
bis until
als when (past tense)
dass that
ob whether
obwohl although
weil because
während while

c) Separable verbs after a conjunction. After a conjunction, the two parts of the verb join up again at the end of a clause or sentence.

For example:

Copyright S-cool

d) Modal verbs after a conjunction. After a conjunction, the modal verb goes to the end of the clause after the infinitive.

Normal word order: Ich kann nicht fahren.

After weil: Weil ich nicht fahren kann.

S-cool exclusive!!