In the School
In the School
Being able to tell the time will be vital knowledge, so make sure you can do it confidently. It could turn up in a role-play, in a reading exam or in a listening exam.
Remember that the 24 hour clock is used much more in German-speaking countries than in the U.K., so you will need to know your numbers up to 60 really well (you may need to be able to understand train times, such as 19.53)!
You need to be able to tell the time when talking about your school day, such as what time break is or when school finishes.
Here are a few reminders about how to tell the time in German:
|It's 2 o'clock||Es ist zwei Uhr.|
|It's 2.15||Es ist zwei Uhr fünfzehn|
|Quarter past 2||Viertel nach zwei|
|It's 2.45||Es ist zwei Uhr fünfundvierzig|
|Quarter to 3||Viertel vor drei|
Watch out for half past!
In English we say half past the hour.
2.30 = half past two
In German, we say half to the hour:
2.30 = es ist halb drei
An easy way round this is to say zwei Uhr dreissig.
To help you revise the times, try this exercise. Read the German sentence at the bottom and then click on the clock face that is telling the correct time:
In your speaking exam, you may have to talk about what happens during your school day - what time lessons start or when lunch time is, for example.
In this exercise, read the English sentence and then click on the correct German translation in the white panels. Mark your answer each time and then move on to try another:
Making sure you know the words for furniture and equipment you use in school is very important. Remember, when you learn a new noun (word for a thing or person), always learn it with:
|der = masculine|
|die = feminine|
|das = neuter|
Then, you will have no problems when you come to use these words in other situations.
So, if you are asked:
"Was ist das?" - "What is that?", you will want to reply with "That is a..."
In order to do this correctly in German, you need to know whether the word is masculine, feminine or neuter. Then you can use the correct word for "a".
For masculine and neuter words you will use "ein"
For feminine words you will use "eine"
|Was ist das?||Das ist ein Tisch (masculine)|
|Das ist eine Tür (feminine)|
|Das ist ein Lineal (neuter)|
The next exercise will help you revise your spellings of essential classroom vocabulary and will also help you to remember whether a word is masculine, feminine or neuter.
For each question, click on the classroom object that you think is correct and mark your answer:
His and Her
Saying that something is yours in German (mein = my) or belongs to someone else (dein = your) is fairly easy to remember. You're only sticking an extra letter onto "ein"! Perhaps because the words aren't used as much, we sometimes forget the words for "his" and "her" (especially "her").
|sein = his|
|ihr = her|
So, if you were to sort out some belongings, saying "That's his pencil or, that's her pen", you would need to know the gender (masculine, feminine or neuter) of what you were talking about - for example, pencil.
For masculine and neuter objects, you would say "Das ist sein / ihr..."
For feminine objects, you would say "Das ist seine / ihre..." (Note: You add an -e on to sein or ihr).
So, always learn the gender (der/die/das) of a word when you learn it!
Always learn the gender (der (masc)/die (fem)/das (neutral)) of a word when you learn it! We keep saying it, but it's so important. Accuracy will gain you extra marks in your written and speaking exams. In this exercise, we are going to look at how to say "I don't have a..."
You will remember how to say "I have a...":
|Ich habe einen Kuli (masculine) Note: "ein" changes to "einen"|
|Ich habe eine Tasche (feminine)|
|Ich habe ein Lineal (neuter)|
Well, to say "I don't have a..." is really straightforward - you just stick a K in front of the einen/eine/ein
|Ich habe keinen Kuli||I don't have a pen.|
|Ich habe keine Tasche||I don't have a bag.|
|Ich habe kein Lineal||I don't have a ruler.|
It's easy, so long as you know whether something is masculine, feminine or neutral, so always learn the word with der/die/das!
There are some key phrases that you should know to help you through your speaking exam if you want to ask the teacher to repeat something or if you just don't know the answer.
You can also use them in class! In addition, there are loads of classroom phrases that you have been hearing from your very first German lesson. They could come up in a listening exam, so revise them well.