Exam-style Questions: Organisations in Sport

  1. a) What does B.O.A. stand for?

    (1 mark)

    b) List three responsibilities of a National Governing Body.

    (3 marks)

    c) Name three responsibilities of any local club.

    (3 marks)

    d) Describe three benefits of international sport.

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) Give yourself 1 mark for stating the full correct answer which is the British Olympic Association.

    (1 mark)

    b) You receive 3 marks for mentioning any 2 from the following list:

    1. Deciding rules for sport
    2. Organising competitions
    3. Selecting teams for international competitions
    4. Organising and coaching referees
    5. Developing facilities
    6. Educating coaches

    (3 marks)

    c) You get 3 marks for mentioning all 3 of the following jobs of a local club:

    1. To provide facilities
    2. To campaign for new members to join
    3. To organise competitions

    (3 marks)

    d) Give yourself 3 marks for mentioning any 3 of the following benefits:

    1. It encourages more people to play
    2. It educates
    3. It encourages excellence/lets the top athletes compete against each other
    4. It develops international friendships
    5. It unites people from different races/cultures/religion

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  2. a) Name three different club officials you would find in your local sports club and explain what each of their jobs are.

    (6 marks)

    b) What does the C.C.P.R. stand for and name one of its aims.

    (2 marks)

    c) Name two cities that have played host to the modern Olympic games since 1980.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) You get 1 mark, up to 3, for each club official you name and then you receive another mark, with a maximum of 3, for each explanation of each of their jobs. Some examples follow:

    The chair person (1) - they are usually in charge of meetings (1); he/she is the top official in any club (1)

    The vice chairperson (1) - they take over if the chair person is absent (1)

    The secretary (1) - informs everyone about decisions made about the club (1); organises meetings and takes minutes (1)

    Treasurer (1) - looks after all the finances of the club (1)

    (6 marks)

    b) Award yourself 1 mark for stating its full name, which is the Central Council for Physical Recreation and give yourself another mark if you stated any of its following aims:

    1. To promote the importance of sport
    2. To encourage participation in physical activity
    3. To represent its governing body members

    (2 marks)

    c) You get 2 marks for naming any two of the following six hosts since 1980:

    1980 - Moscow

    1984 - Los Angeles

    1988 - Seoul

    1992 - Barcelona

    1996 - Atlanta

    2000 - Sydney

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  3. a) What does I.O.C. stand for and describe two of its main jobs.

    (3 marks)

    b) State three advantages of hosting an international sporting event.

    (3 marks)

    c) Name two modern Olympics, since 1970, which have been affected by politics and explain why.

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) Give yourself 1 mark for correctly explaining that the I.O.C. stands for the International Olympic Committee. Award yourself 2 more marks if you went on to mention any 2 of its following jobs:

    1. To select the locations for the games
    2. To select what sports are included
    3. To plan the games with the host city
    4. To discourage the use of drugs in sport

    (3 marks)

    b) Award yourself 1 mark for any 3 of the following:

    1. Increases in trade and tourism
    2. It gets prestige
    3. It gives the country a sense of pride
    4. Sports facilities are upgraded
    5. The economy may make a profit

    (3 marks)

    c) Award yourself 2 marks for naming 2 host cities and another mark for each explanation of the way politics affected them. Choose from:

    1972 Munich (1) - Palestinian terrorists took Israeli athletes hostage (1); in the end 17 people were killed (1)

    1976 Montreal (1) - 22 Black African teams boycotted the games because New Zealand held links with apartheid South Africa (1)

    1980 Moscow (1) - 5 countries boycott the games over the Soviet Unions invasion of Afghanistan (1).

    1984 Los Angeles (1) - The Soviet Union and its allies boycott the games because America boycotted theirs (1).

    1988 Seoul (1) - North Korea and 4 of its allies boycotted the games because North Korea wasn't allowed to host some of the games (1).

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  4. a) State three disadvantages of hosting an international sporting event.

    (3 marks)

    b) Which city hosted the 2000 Olympic games?

    (1 mark)

    c) Describe three jobs of the British Olympic Association (BOA).

    (3 marks)

    d) State three ideals that the Olympics aim to promote.

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    a) Award yourself 3 marks for stating any 3 of the following problems of staging an international event:

    1. The country or city may run into debt if things go wrong
    2. Large events put a strain on local resources, like the police, hotels, transport etc
    3. They have security risks
    4. The hosts image may suffer

    (3 marks)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark for correctly naming Sydney as your answer.

    (1 mark)

    c) Award yourself 3 marks for mentioning any 3 of the following jobs it fulfils:

    1. It selects the British team for the Olympics
    2. It organises travel arrangements to the Olympics
    3. It raises money to send the team to the games
    4. It helps the governing bodies prepare the athletes

    (3 marks)

    d) The Olympics aims to promote the following ideals, (give yourself 3 marks for and 3 you mentioned):

    1. Fair play
    2. Cultural Exchange
    3. Personal Excellence
    4. Sport as Education
    5. Mass Participation
    6. International Understanding

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)