Exam-style Questions: Sport and Injury

  1. All sporting injuries can be categorised into two groups according to what caused them to occur. Explain what they are and give an example for each.

    (Marks available: 4)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    You get 2 marks for correctly explaining each kind of injury and giving an appropriate example. Give yourself full marks for mentioning the following:

    Acute injuries are caused by a sudden stress on the body.

    Examples: a dislocated finger due to a violent collision

    a broken bone due to an awkward tackle

    Chronic injuries are caused by overuse or poor technique.

    Examples: tennis players can develop tennis elbow

    runners can suffer from an inflamed Achilles tendon

    (Marks available: 4)

  2. A warm up plays an important part in preventing injury. Explain the two main phases of a correct warm up.

    (Marks available: 2)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    Award yourself up to 2 marks for outlining that a warm up should start with a pulse raising activity, e.g. jogging, and should be followed by stretching/mobility exercises.

    (Marks available: 2)

  3. A sprain is damage to a ligament, what is a strain?

    (Marks available: 1)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    Give yourself 1 mark for stating that a strain is damage to a muscle or tendon.

    (Marks available: 1)

  4. State two common places where dislocations might occur.

    (Marks available: 2)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    Award yourself up to 2 marks for mentioning any 2 of the following common sights of dislocation:

    1. shoulder joint
    2. finger joint
    3. hip joint
    4. knee joint

    (Marks available: 2)