Exam-style Questions: Sports Psychology

  1. a) Name and explain the two different types of memory.

    (4 marks)

    b) Name the four stages of the information processing system.

    (4 marks)

    c) Name the two different types of motivation.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) Award yourself 2 marks for correctly naming both types of memory and give yourself another 1 mark for each correct explanation:

    Short term memory (1) = all information goes in here 1st (1); if it isn't used within 2 min the information is lost (1); information is later transferred to long term memory (1)

    Long term memory (1) = holds a limitless amount of information for life (1)

    (NB saying that short term memory is only for a short time and long term memory stores info for a long time would only get you two marks, you have to properly explain both).

    (4 marks)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark for each correctly named stage form the following:

    (i) Input

    (ii) Decision making

    (iii) Output

    (iv) Feedback

    (4 marks)

    c) You get 2 marks for correctly naming motivation as either Intrinsic or Extrinsic.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  2. a) Name and explain the two different types of feedback.

    (4 marks)

    b) Using a tennis player as an example, explain what happens at the input stage of the information processing system.

    (2 marks)

    c) Name three examples of extrinsic motivation.

    (3 marks)

    d) Relaxation is one method of controlling anxiety, name another.

    (1 mark)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) Give yourself 1 mark for each of the correct types of feedback and 1 mark for each of the explanations:

    Knowledge of Performance (1) = this is how well you performed (1)

    Knowledge of Results (1) = this tells you the outcome of your actions (1)

    (4 marks)

    b) You receive 1 mark for stating that at the input stage the tennis payer's brain is receiving lots of information through sight, feeling and hearing. You then get 1 more mark for providing an example like one of the following:

    (i) the tennis player sees the ball bounce in front of him/her (1)

    (ii) the tennis player hears the ball come off the opponents racket (1)

    (iii) the player feels if the grip on the racket is right (1)

    (Note: if you don't give a tennis example you don't get any marks!)

    (2 marks)

    c) You receive 1 mark for each of the following that you have mentioned, with a maximum of 3 marks available:

    (i) Money/financial gain

    (ii) Award schemes

    (iii) Trophies/Medals

    (iv) Peer group/family/school satisfaction

    (v) Rewards

    (3 marks)

    d) Give yourself 1 mark if you named Visualisation or Mental Rehearsal as another method of controlling anxiety.

    (1 mark)

    (Marks available: 10)

  3. a) Give two reasons why feedback is important when learning.

    (2 marks)

    b) Arousal is a state of excitement and alertness. State two signs of arousal.

    (2 marks)

    c) Setting goals can be helpful to necessary training if they follows the SMARTER system of goal setting. The S stands for specific, what does the rest stand for?

    (6 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) Give yourself 2 marks for mentioning 2 of the following reasons:

    Feedback is important because: -it motivates you to try harder (1); it helps to reinforce good performance (1); it helps you to improve (1); it helps you to realise your errors (1)

    (2 marks)

    b) Award yourself 2 marks for mentioning any 2 of the following signs:

    Signs of arousal are: - your heart rate and breathing speed up (1); you get sweaty palms (1); you may feel nervous and shaky (1); your mouth gets dry (1); you may feel sick (1)

    (2 marks)

    c) You get 1 mark for each correctly identified term:

    M = Measurable

    A = Agreed

    R = Realistic

    T = Time-phased

    E = Exciting

    R = Recorded

    (6 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)