Exam-style Questions: Personal Factors that Affect Participation in Sport

  1. a) You are usually at your fittest in your twenties. Give four reasons why from your thirties onwards your fitness usually drops.

    (4 marks)

    b)Describe the build of an extreme Mesomorph.

    (1 mark)

    c) Explain the ideal build for a high jumper.

    (2 marks)

    d) State three factors which can affect performance.

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) You get 1 mark for each of the following reasons you might have given up to a maximum of 4:

    (i) Body fat increases as you age

    (ii) Movements get slower

    (iii) Joints get stiffer

    (iv) Heart rates decrease

    (v) Bones get lighter

    (vi) Muscles get weaker

    (vii) More prone to disease

    (4 marks)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark if you have made any of the following points:

    Extreme Mesomorphs have: Broad shoulders; Muscular bodies; Very little body fat.

    (1 mark)

    c) Any of the following answers would get you your 2 marks:

    (i) Being tall

    (ii) Being light

    (iii) Having strong muscles

    (2 marks)

    d) You get 3 marks for mentioning 3 of the following factors:

    (i) Age

    (ii) Sex/Gender

    (iii) Physique

    (iv) Diet

    (v) Exercise

    (vi) Physical Disability

    (vii) Illness

    (viii) Drug Taking

    (ix) Stress

    (x) The Environment

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  2. a) Explain how the environment can affect your performance.

    (2 marks)

    b) State four advantages men have over women in physical activity.

    (4 marks)

    c) Name the extreme somatotype, which is characterised by narrow hips and shoulders, a thin face and very little muscle or body fat.

    (1 mark)

    d) Describe the build of an extreme Endomorph.

    (1 mark)

    e) Name two socially acceptable drugs, which have an affect on performance.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) Give your yourself 2 marks for mentioning tow of the following points:

    (i) Fumes can damage lungs

    (ii) Hot, humid weather can make you overheat

    (iii) Windy weather can make performing skills difficult

    (iv) High altitudes can make breathing difficult

    (2 marks)

    b) Give yourself 4 marks, 1 mark each, for mentioning any 4 of the following answers:

    (i) Males are stronger

    (ii) Males have better cardiovascular endurance

    (iii) Males are more powerful due to bigger bones

    (iv) Males are faster

    (v) Males usually have less body fat

    (vi) Males have been encouraged to be competitive

    (vii) They have more role models

    (viii) They have more opportunities for participation

    (4 marks)

    c) Give yourself 1 mark for identifying the somatotype Ectomorph.

    (1 mark)

    d) Mentioning any of the following would be enough to get you 1 mark:

    (i) Wide hips and narrow shoulders

    (ii) A lot of body fat on the body

    (iii) A lot of body fat on the upper arms and legs

    (iv) Slim wrists and ankles

    (1 mark)

    e) You need to name 2 of the following to get your marks:

    (i) Nicotine (from smoking)

    (ii) Ethanol (from alcohol)

    (iii) Caffeine (from coffee, coke, etc)

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  3. a) Name the three different extreme somatotypes.

    (3 marks)

    b) Describe the ideal build for a gymnast.

    (3 marks)

    c) Explain why a sumo wrestler's ideal build would be endomorph with some mesomorph.

    (2 marks)

    d) Explain how stress can affect your performance.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) You have to name all of the following to get maximum marks:

    (i) Endomorph

    (ii) Mesomorph

    (iii) Ectomorph

    (3 marks)

    b) You get 3 marks if you mention 3 of the following points, otherwise it's 1 mark for each:

    (i) Being light is an advantage

    (ii) They need strong muscles

    (iii) Ectomorph with some endomorph

    (iv) Little body fat

    (3 marks)

    c) Give yourself 1 mark for each of the following that you mentioned:

    (i) They need to be heavy so that they are hard to lift and push

    (ii) They need strength and power to be able to move opponents

    (2 marks)

    d) Give yourself 2 marks for mentioning two of the following points:

    (i) Continual stress leads to high blood pressure and heart disease

    (ii) Your muscles go tense

    (iii) You can't concentrate clearly

    (iv) You make mistakes

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  4. a) Describe the build of an extreme Ectomorph.

    (1 mark)

    b) Explain how your physique can affect your sports participation and give an example from a sporting situation.

    (2 marks)

    c) Explain why body composition puts females at a disadvantage to men when performing.

    (2 marks)

    d) Describe how your fitness will change with age.

    (3 marks)

    e) Name two physiological factors, which can explain differences between male and female fitness.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    a) Award yourself 1 mark for mentioning any of the following characteristics:

    (i) Narrow shoulders and hips

    (ii) A thin face

    (iii) A narrow chest and abdomen

    (iv) Thin legs and arms

    (v) Very little muscle or body fat

    (1 mark)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark for saying your build makes you fitter for some sports than others. Then award yourself another make if you made a suitable example like a tall person would be more suited to basketball, high jumping, etc.

    (2 marks)

    c) You get 2 marks for mentioning 2 of the following factors:

    (i) Females usually have a higher % of body fat than men do

    (ii) Fat is extra weight to carry round

    (iii) Fat puts extra strain on their heart, joints and muscles

    (2 marks)

    d) You get 3 marks for describing the following changes of fitness with age:

    (i) When you are young you have a low level of fitness

    (ii) As you reach your twenties you reach your fittest years

    (iii) As you then get older (after thirties) your fitness starts to decrease

    (3 marks)

    e) Name two of the following list and you receive two marks:

    (i) Strength

    (ii) Cardiovascular Endurance

    (iii) Bone Structure

    (iv) Speed

    (v) Flexibility

    (vi) Body composition

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)