Exam-style Questions: Skill in Sport

  1. a) Define what is meant by a closed skill.

    (2 marks)

    b) Name the three different types of guidance and give one example for each.

    (6 marks)

    c) Explain what positive transferral of skill is and give one example.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) Give yourself 1 mark for stating where the movements are always exactly the same and another mark for stating that they don't depend on the environment.

    (2 marks)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark for each correctly named type of guidance and another mark for accompanying examples:

    (i) Visual guidance - for example, demonstration, poster, video, wall chart, etc

    (ii) Verbal guidance - for example, coach telling you what to do

    (iii) Manual Guidance - for example, a coach guiding you through the movement or using a device to help like a swim float

    (6 marks)

    c) Give yourself 1 mark for saying it is when the learning of one skill may help you to learn another, and another mark for an appropriate example like learning to throw a ball would help to learn the javelin throw.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  2. a) What is a skill?

    (4 marks)

    b) Explain the difference between open and closed skills and give one example for each.

    (4 marks)

    c) Physical motor skill can be classified into simple and complex skill. Give one example for each.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) To get your maximum 4 marks you have to say that skill is the learned ability (1) to bring about pre-determined results (1) with maximum certainty (1) and efficiency (1).

    (4 marks)

    b) You receive 1 mark for each correct explanation of open and closed skill and another 1 mark for each appropriate example...

    (i) Open skill is where your movements vary according to your environment. For example, a pass in football, a tennis ground stroke, a goalkeeper saving a goal.

    (ii) Closed skills are movements that are always exactly the same and don't depend on the environment. For example, a gymnast doing a somersault, a golf swing, a shot putt.

    (4 marks)

    c) You get 2 marks for 2 appropriate examples along the lines of:

    Simple motor skill - for example, running, walking, jumping etc

    Complex motor skill - for example, a lay up, tennis serve, front crawl etc

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  3. a) You have to practise a new skill many times before you've really learned it. Name and describe two methods of practising a skill.

    (4 marks)

    b) Name the type of guidance, which a poster is an example of.

    (1 mark)

    c) What is the name given to a skill, which has a distinct start and finish on the serial continuum?

    (1 mark)

    d) Rearrange the following skills according to the open/closed skill continuum. Order them so they go closed to open from top to bottom.

    A - Groundstroke in tennis

    B - Sailing

    C - Golf swing

    D - Goalkeeping

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) Award yourself 1 mark for naming up to 2 of the following recognised practise methods and give yourself and another mark for its correct explanation:

    Whole practise - you practise the whole skill together, for example, the whole tennis serve at once.

    Part practice - you break down the skill and practise it in parts, for example, you would practise the toss, then the throwing action etc for the serve.

    Variable practise - you practise your skill in lots of different situations.

    Fixed practise - you practise your skill under the same conditions.

    (4 marks)

    b) Give yourself a mark for identifying visual guidance as the answer.

    (1 mark)

    c) Give yourself 1 mark for correctly classifying it as a discrete skill.

    (1 mark)

    d) You get 1 mark for each skill in its correct place, which should be:

    Open 1. B-sailing

    2. D-Goalkeeping

    3. A-groundstroke in tennis

    Closed 4. C-Golf swing

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  4. a) Windsurfing is very dependent on the environment, what type of skill would you classify it as?

    (1 mark)

    b) Each attempt you make at a skill is called what?

    (1 mark)

    c) Using an example, explain how PE teachers could use transferral of skill to their advantage.

    (2 marks)

    d) Name and explain the three phases you go through when learning a skill.

    (6 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    a) If you classified it as either open or complex give yourself 1 mark.

    (1 mark)

    b) Performance is the correct answer, give yourself 1 mark.

    (1 mark)

    c) Award yourself 1 mark for stating that a teacher could refer to a previously learnt similar skill, and another for providing an example, like when teaching the javelin the teacher could refer to throwing a ball. (You may have other examples!)

    (2 marks)

    d) You receive 1 mark for each correctly named phase and 1 mark for a correct explanation. (You can only get 2 marks for each phase):

    (i) Cognitive phase (1) - the beginner understands what has to be done (1); the beginner knows the expected outcome (1)

    (ii) Associate phase (1) - the performer improves (1); they make fewer mistakes (1); the beginner starts to correct mistakes (1)

    (iii) Autonomous phase (1) - the skill is performed without much thought (1); greater attention is paid to skills and tactics (1); few errors occur (1)

    (6 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)