Exam-style Questions: Health and Fitness

  1. a) What is the definition of health?

    (3 marks)

    b) Which component of fitness is the force muscles exert when they contract?

    (1 mark)

    c) State four factors which would indicate a lack of general fitness?

    (4 marks)

    d) Muscular endurance is a health-related component of fitness. State two other health-related components.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) To get your maximum 3 marks you have to mention any 3 of the following 4 points:

    Health is freedom from disease (1) and a complete state of physical (1), social (1) and mental (1) well being.

    (3 marks)

    b) Give yourself 1 mark for correctly identifying the component strength.

    (1 mark)

    c) You get 1 mark, up to a maximum of 4, for mentioning any of the following factors:

    (i) High blood pressure

    (ii) Being overweight

    (iii) Being breathless after light exercise

    (iv) Always feeling tired

    (v) Feeling depressed

    (vi) Lack of muscle tone

    (vii) High heart rate

    (viii) Sore joints, muscles/aches and pains

    (4 marks)

    d) Award yourself 1 mark, with a maximum of 2, for naming any of the other following components of health-related components:

    (i) Flexibility (suppleness)

    (ii) Strength

    (iii) Cardiovascular Endurance

    (iv) Speed

    (v) Body composition

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  2. a) There are 7 components of a normal diet which are known as basic nutrients. Protein is one component, name three others.

    (3 marks)

    b) What is the basil metabolic rate?

    (2 marks)

    c) Different people have different energy needs. Explain how age can affect energy needs.

    d) Name the condition when someone diets to excess.

    (1 mark)

    e) Explain what is meant by carbo-loading.

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) Give yourself 1 mark, up to 3, for any of the following components you mentioned:

    (i) Carbohydrates

    (ii) Minerals

    (iii) Fats

    (iv) Vitamins

    (v) Fibre

    (vi) Water

    (3 marks)

    b) You get 1 mark for stating that it is the minimum amount of energy you need and another mark for going on to say the minimum needed to stay alive, awake and comfortably warm.

    (2 marks)

    c) If you said that adults require more energy than children you would have got yourself 1 mark.

    (1 mark)

    d) Stating Anorexia will get you one mark.

    (1 mark)

    e) You get 1 mark for stating each of the following:

    (i) Carbo-loading can be used on events which take 2 hours or more

    (ii) Athletes train hard and cut down on carbohydrates, so using up their glycogen stores

    (iii) Just before the event, they train lightly and eat lots of carbohydrate, which stores more glycogen

    (3 marks)

    (Marks available: 10)

  3. a) State three harmful effects of smoking.

    (3 marks)

    b) Explain what Anabolic Steroids are and give one example.

    (3 marks)

    c) What is the name given to the category of banned drugs, which increase the amount of water in the urine, so helping sportsmen to lose weight.

    (1 mark)

    d) Give two reasons why athletes may take drugs.

    (2 marks)

    e) Caffeine is an example of what type of banned drug?

    (1 mark)

    (Marks available: 10)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) Give yourself up to 3 marks for mention any of the following effects of smoking:

    (i) Increased blood pressure

    (ii) Coronary Heart disease

    (iii) Lung cancer

    (iv) Bronchitis

    (v) Decreased ability of the body to carry oxygen

    (vi) Breathing problems

    (3 marks)

    b) Award yourself 1 mark if you said that they are hormones and another 1mark for stating that they help the body to build and repair muscles. You get 1 final mark for naming any of the following examples:

    (i) Testosterone

    (ii) Nandrolone

    (iii) Stanozolol

    (iv) Clenbuterol

    (3 marks)

    c) Give yourself 1 mark for correctly identifying diuretics as the answer.

    (1 mark)

    d) Award yourself 1 mark, with a maximum of 2, for mentioning any of the following reasons for taking drugs:

    (i) to improve their performance

    (ii) to kill pain so they can keep going

    (iii) to build muscle faster than training can

    (iv) to calm themselves down during events

    (2 marks)

    e) Give yourself a mark for correctly saying that caffeine is a stimulant.

    (1 mark)

    (Marks available: 10)