Exam-style Questions: Industry

 

  1. Exam Style Questions

     

    The diagram shows the car industry as a system:

    Painting, engine, vehicles.

    For each of the following words decide whether it is an input, output or a process.

    (Marks available: 2)

    Answer

     

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    Painting = process.

    Engine = input.

    Vehicle = output.

    (2 marks)

    (Marks available: 2)

  2. Car manufacturing in an assembly industry. What does this mean?

    (Marks available: 1)

    Answer

     

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    Parts are made elsewhere and then brought to the factory to be put together.

    (1 mark)

    (Marks available: 1)

  3. For an industry that you have studied explain how raw materials have influenced its location.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

     

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    Give yourself 1 - 2 marks if you have not used a case study but you have mentioned the following points:

    • Raw materials can be expensive to move.
    • Need to be close to raw materials if they are large.

     

    Give yourself 3 - 4 marks if you expanded these basic points and could give some locational knowledge:

    • Steel industry has bulky raw materials.
    • Iron ore, limestone and coal are the raw materials for steel.
    • These are difficult and costly to transport.
    • Steel industry located close to raw materials

     

    Give yourself 5 - 6 marks if you can write in more depth about your specific case study. You could include a diagram:

    • Steel industry found in South Wales.
    • Hills in this area rich in iron ore, coal and limestone.
    • Close to ports Swansea and Cardiff to import raw materials.
    • As raw materials ran out many of the steel industries closed by 1990 only 2 steel works were left in south Wales.

     

    (6 marks)

    (Marks available: 6)

  4. Exam Style Questions

     

    The diagram shows the employment structure of two countries A and B.

    a) What is a primary industry?

    (1 Mark)

    b) Name a tertiary industry.

    (1 Mark)

    c) Which country is most likely to be a LEDC?

    (1 Mark)

    d) Explain your answer to (c).

    (4 Marks)

    e) The employment structure in some LEDC's like South Korea has changed in the last 30 years. What term is given to these countries?

    (1 Mark)

    f) Describe the main characteristics of industries in NIC's

    (4 Marks)

    (Marks available: 12)

    Answer

     

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    a) Producing raw materials/collecting natural resources.

    (1 mark)

    b) Name any service industry, for example, teacher, banker, policeman, shop assistant.

    (1 mark)

    c) Country A.

    (1 mark)

    d) Give yourself 1 - 2 marks if you mentioned the following points:

    • Most people in LEDC's are farmers.
    • Not much industry in LEDC's.
    • Not much money few paid jobs in LEDC's.

     

    Give yourself 3 - 4 marks if you expanded the following points:

    • The majority of the population work as subsistence farmers in the primary sector in LEDC's.
    • Most LEDC's have little manufacturing industry, as there is little investment or technology.
    • Poor access to services mean that few workers tend to be employed in the tertiary sector.

     

    (4 marks)

    e) Newly industrialized countries.

    (1 mark)

    f) Give yourself marks if you mentioned the following points:

    • Use high technology.
    • Low labour costs.
    • Capital intensive/aimed to make high profit.
    • Produce computer or other electrical goods.
    • Copy existing products, which they sell at cheaper prices.
    • Produce cars.

     

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 12)

  5. a) What is a footloose industry?

    (1 Mark)

    b) What are the main location factors for new industrial regions in the UK like the M4 corridor?

    (3 Marks)

    c) Describe the main features of a science park.

    (4 Marks)

    d) Explain how governments influence where industries locate.

    (4 Marks)

    (Marks available: 12)

    Answer

     

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    a) Industries that are not tied to their locations by raw materials.

    (1 mark)

    b) Give yourself 1 - 2 marks if you mentioned the following points:

    • Good transport links/Capital/Attractive environment.
    • Skilled workforce/Market/Government grants.
    • Links with other industries.

     

    Give yourself 3 marks if you can expand these points you may give case study information:

    • The M4 provides excellent transport links with London.
    • Location close to other industries allows the sharing of resources and ideas.

     

    (3 marks)

    c) Give yourself marks if you mentioned the following points:

    • Found on large Greenfield sites.
    • Outside major cities.
    • Room to expand.
    • Close to major transport links.
    • Attractive environment/pleasant working environment.
    • Close links to major research institution/university.

     

    (4 marks)

    d) Give yourself 1 - 2 marks if you mentioned the following points:

    • Government grants/New transport links.
    • Youth training schemes/Retraining schemes.
    • Giving money/creation of new towns.

     

    Give yourself 3 - 4 marks if you expanded any of the above points you should also be able to write about a case study:

    • Industrial development certificates can be given to control where firms can locate.
    • In South Wales communications and accessibility have been improved by the building of the M4 extension to Swansea and the Head of the Valley road.
    • In South Wales the government have improved the landscape of industrial areas and created jobs by siting the Ebbw Vale Garden Festival on a former steel works thus attracting other industry to the area.

     

    (4 marks)

    (Marks available: 12)