Exam-style Questions: Nerves and Hormones

  1. Read the following 3 definitions of 3 different types of neurones and label them...

    a) Co-ordinate the response. Are link neurones in the central nervous system (CNS).

    b) Carries impulses from receptors to the CNS.

    c) Carries impulses from the CNS to the effector.

    (Marks available: 3)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    a) Relay neurones

    b) Sensory neurones

    c) Motor neurones

    (Total = 3 marks)

  2. Fill in the missing words...

    The___(i)___ is picked up by a ___(ii)___, which transmits an impulse to a___(iii)___ neurone. This neurone passes the impulse to the ___(iv)___, the central nervous system. The CNS co-ordinates the signal and transmits back a ___(v)___ via a ___(vi)___ neurone. The response is carried out by the ___(vii)___ organ, which is either a gland or a muscle.

    (Marks available: 7)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    (i) stimulus

    (ii) receptor

    (iii) sensory

    (iv) co-ordinator

    (v) response

    (vi) motor

    (vii) effector

    (Total = 7 marks)

  3. a) What gland controls the volume of water in the body?

    b) What hormone does it secrete to be able to do this?

    (Marks available: 2)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    a) The pituitary gland.

    b) It secretes anti-diuretic hormone (ADH).

    (Total = 2 marks)

  4. What is diabetes?

    (Marks available: 1)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    It is a disease in which the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin.

    (Total = 1 marks)