Exam-style Questions: Nutrition

  1. What main substances (i.e. proteins / vitamins / etc) are the following foods rich in?

    (i) beans

    (ii) rice

    (iii) sunflower oil

    (iv) watermelon

    (v) citrus fruits

    (Marks available: 5)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    (i) protein

    (ii) carbohydrate

    (iii) fat

    (iv) water

    (v) vitamins

    (Total = 5 marks)

  2. What disease is contracted from a deficiency in...

    a) Vitamin C

    b) Vitamin D

    c) Iron

    (Marks available: 3)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    a) Scurvy

    b) Rickets

    c) Anaemia

    (Total = 3 marks)

  3. Complete the following table:

    Starting Food: Type of Enzyme Used: Products Made:
    Carbohydrates(starch) ___(i)___ ___(iv)___
    Proteins ___(ii)___ ___(v)___
    Fats ___(iii)___ __(vi)__ __(vii)__

    (Marks available: 7)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    Starting Food: Type of Enzyme Used: Products Made:
    Carbohydrates(starch) Carbohydrase Simple Sugars
    Proteins Protease Amino Acids
    Fats Lipase Fatty Acids and Glycerol

    (Total = 7 marks)

  4. What are the 4 different types of human teeth?

    (Marks available: 4)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 4

    • Incisors
    • Canines
    • Pre-molars
    • Molars

    (Total = 4 marks)

  5. Fill in the missing words...

    The tongue helps to form the food into a small, moist ball called a ___(i)___, which can be easily swallowed.

    This is then squeezed down the___(ii)___ by wavelike contractions of the surrounding muscle. This is called ___(iii)___.

    (Marks available: 3)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 5

    (i) bolus

    (ii) oesophagus

    (iii) peristalsis

    (Total = 3 marks)