Exam-style Questions: Attention

  1. Describe one explanation of focused attention.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    There are a number of explanations to describe here:

    • Broadbent's filter model.
    • Treisman's attenuation model.
    • Deutsch and Deutsch late selection model.

    Remember; you have only been asked to describe one of these explanations.

    Here is a mark scheme for your answer:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of how the theory explains the process of focused attention.
    3-4 marks Description of theory lacks detail and/or some aspects of theory are omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of the theory.

    (Marks available: 6)

  2. Describe one explanation of pattern recognition.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    You could have written about template matching or feature detection theories. You have only been asked to describe the explanation, so don't waste time evaluating it!

    Here is a mark scheme for your answer:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of how the theory explains the process of pattern recognition.
    3-4 marks Description of theory lacks detail and/or some aspects of theory are omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of the theory.

    (Marks available: 6)

  3. Discuss research into slips associated with automatic processing.

    (Marks available: 12)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    This question is asking you to describe and evaluate research into action slips made whilst carrying out automatic processes. The main investigation is Reason's diary study, which divided action slips into five categories. An alternative explanation comes from Sellen and Norman's 'hierarchical schema' theory.

    Remember: allocate equal weighting to the descriptive and evaluative elements of your answer.

    Description:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of research into slips associated with automatic processing.
    3-4 marks Description of research lacks detail and/or there are some significant omissions.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of the research.

    Evaluation:

    5-6 marks You have provided a thorough analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the research.
    3-4 marks You have provided a fair analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the research.
    1-2 marks You have provided minimal analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the research. There is only superficial evaluation.

    (Marks available: 12)