Exam-style Questions: Treatment

  1. Describe one biological therapy.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    You could have written about any one of several biological therapies (for example, psychosurgery, ECT or drug therapies). Remember, you are only asked for a description, so don't go into any evaluation!

    Here is a guide for marking your answer:

    5-6 marks Thorough description of biological therapy, including methods used, disorders treated and extent of application.
    3-4 marks Fair description but some important aspects omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of biological therapy.

    (Marks available: 6)

  2. Describe one therapy based on classical conditioning (for example, flooding.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    You will have written about any one therapy based on classical conditioning (for example, flooding, systematic desensitisation or aversion therapy). Remember, to write about one therapy only and to explain how it is derived from classical conditioning (for instance, learning by associating stimuli).

    No evaluation has been asked for, so don't write any!

    5-6 marks Thorough description of therapy based on classical conditioning, including methods used, disorders treated and extent of application.
    3-4 marks Fair description but some important aspects omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of therapy based on classical conditioning.

    (Marks available: 6)

  3. Discuss the effectiveness of psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioural therapies.

    (Marks available: 12)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    Remember to choose either psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioural therapies. You need to talk about appropriateness - for instance, what disorders they may be used for and perhaps mention some disorders they would be inappropriate for.

    You also need to discuss effectiveness - for instance, whether or not the therapy works and quote evidence in favour or against it.

    11-12 marks You have thoroughly discussed the value of either psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioural therapy. You have pointed out their strengths and weaknesses using relevant research studies into their effectiveness. It is important to have expressed ideas and arguments clearly.
    9-10 marks You have used relevant research studies to discuss the effectiveness of either psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioural therapy. Some details have been omitted. Your essay is very well organised.
    7-8 marks You have described relevant research studies but carried out a slightly limited analysis of the effectiveness of your chosen therapeutic approach. Your essay is fairly well organised.
    5-6 marks You have been limited in your use of research studies to explain the effectiveness of your chosen therapeutic approach. Your essay is reasonably well organised.
    3-4 marks You have mentioned some aspects relating to the effectiveness of the chosen therapeutic approach, but you have not used relevant research to back them up. Your essay is muddled and vague.
    1-2 marks You have not addressed the issues in the question. Your answer is confused and barely mentions the effectiveness of the therapies.

    (Marks available: 12)