Exam-style Questions: Pro- and Anti-Social Behaviour

  1. Describe one research study relating to bystander behaviour.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    You have probably written about Latané and Darley's research or Piliavin's work.

    Remember: this is just description, there is no need to offer any evaluation.

    The following table gives a mark scheme:

    Here's a mark scheme:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of aim, method, results, conclusions and implications of study.
    3-4 marks Description of study lacks detail and/or some aspects of study are omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about study into media influence on anti-social behaviour.

    (Marks available: 6)

  2. Describe one study into media influence on anti-social behaviour.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 2

    There is an enormous amount of information and research in this area. Be careful not to waffle and include too much detail (there are only 6 marks at stake!). You could write about a laboratory or a natural experiment, a correlational study or a longitudinal study - but only write about one!

    Here's a mark scheme:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of aim, method, results, conclusions and implications of study.
    3-4 marks Description of study lacks detail and/or some aspects of study are omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about study into media influence on anti-social behaviour.

    (Marks available: 6)

  3. Describe and evaluate one social psychological theory of aggression.

    (Marks available: 12)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 3

    You might have chosen to explain aggression using one of the following social psychological explanations:

    • Social Learning Theory.
    • Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis.
    • Deindividuation.

    It is important that you only describe one of them. You could use the others as part of your evaluation to show that there are alternative explanations. Make sure that you have achieved a balance between the description and evaluation - there are 6 marks available for each.

    Here is a mark scheme:

    Description:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of how the social psychological theory explains aggression.
    3-4 marks Description of theory lacks detail and/or some aspects of theory are omitted.
    1-2 marks Basic information about some aspects of the theory.

    Evaluation:

    5-6 marks You have provided a thorough analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of your chosen theory. You have used research studies that provide evidence for or against the theory.
    3-4 marks You have provided a fair analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of your chosen theory. You have used research studies that provide evidence, although they may be limited.
    1-2 marks You have provided minimal analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of your chosen theory. There is only superficial evaluation.

    (Marks available: 12)