Exam-style Questions: Social Influence

  1. Explain what is meant by the term 'conformity'.

    (Marks available: 3)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    The following table gives an example of how marks are allocated:

    3 marks Conformity is an effect of social influence. It occurs when we succumb to real or imagined pressures from other people. The individual would not behave in this way if it were not for the pressure of others.
    2 marks Conformity is when someone feels pressured to behave in the same way as everyone else.
    1 marks Conformity is when we say what other people say.

    (Marks available: 3)

  2. Describe one research study that has investigated obedience to authority.

    (Marks available: 6)

    Answer

    Answer outline and marking scheme for question: 1

    You have probably written about Milgram's work, although there are other possibilities, such as Hofling's research.

    The following table gives a mark scheme:

    5-6 marks Detailed description of aim, method, results, conclusions and implications of study.
    3-4 marks Description of study lacks detail and/or some aspects of study are omitted.
    1-2 marks Simple description of obedience to authority.

    (Marks available: 6)