Neutralisation

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Neutralisation

The Making of a Salt

When an acid reacts with an alkali it produces a salt and water.

Neutralisation

This reaction is called neutralisation. The alkali has neutralised the acid by removing its H+ ions, and turning them into water.

Neutralisation always produces a Salt

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Soil Treatment - Farming

The majority of plants grow best at pH 7. If the soil is acidic or alkaline the plant may grow badly. Therefore, chemicals can be added to the soil to change its pH.

Neutralisation

If the soil is too acidic - the most common complaint - it is treated with a base (chemicals opposite to an acid) in order to neutralise it. Common treatments use quicklime (calcium oxide) or chalk (calcium carbonate).

Indigestion

We all have hydrochloric acid in our stomach - it helps breakdown food! However, too much acid leads to indigestion. Therefore, to cure this ailment we need to neutralise the acid with a base such as, sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda), or an indigestion tablet.

Insect Stings

A bee sting contains acid. In order to relieve the painful symptoms of the sting we need to neutralise the acid. By rubbing on calamine lotion (zinc carbonate) or baking soda the acid can be neutralised.

Neutralisation

Wasp stings are alkaline, hence acid is needed to neutralise and remove the painful sting. Vinegar (ethanoic acid) is used.

Neutralisation

Waste from Factories

Waste from many factories are often acidic. If this acidic solution is not treated and enters rivers it can kill fish. Slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) is often used to neutralise the acid.

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