Adverbs are words which describe verbs - they tell you how you do something.
|He drives carefully|
|She sings badly|
You can see that most adverbs in English end in ...ly but not all (e.g. well, fast etc.).
Adverbs in French perform the same function - they describe the verb (and since verbs are not masculine or feminine, adverbs do not change).
Use the Learn-Its to find out more.
To form the adverb (for example, slowly) start with the adjective:
- slow = lent
- make it feminine = lente (remember some adjectives do more than just an 'e' to make them feminine)
- add ment so lentement = slowly
However there are exceptions, these are:
1. Adjectives that end in a vowel do not add an 'e' in stage 2 above.
|poli = polite|
|poliment = politely|
2. Adjectives that end in ant or ent become amment/emment
|bruyant = noisy|
|bruyamment = noisily|
3. vite stays as vite
Adverbs normally go after the verb they are describing. In the perfect tense, where there are two verbs, it goes between the two verbs.
For example: J'ai assez mangé = I've eaten enough
However if the adverb is a long word (4 or 5 syllables), it normally goes after the second verb in the perfect tense.
Better and best in English can be adjectives or adverbs depending on whether they mean more good or more well.
|John is good||Bill is better means 'more good'||David is (the) best means 'most good'||= Adjective|
|John plays well||Bill plays better means 'more well'||David plays (the) best means 'most well'||= Adverbs|
In French 'better' and 'best' have two forms as below:
|good = bon||better (more good) = meilleur||best ( most good) = le meilleur|
|Because these are adjectives, they become feminine and plural - bonne/meilleure/la meilleure, etc.|
|well = bien||better (more well) = mieux||best ( most well) = le mieux|
|Because these are adverbs, they never change - not even the 'le' in 'le mieux'|
Form the adverb from the following adjectives: